A mortgage is a loan you use to purchase a home. It's a legal agreement in which a mortgage lender pays for your house in complete, expecting you to repay them (with interest) over a set period. Mortgages allow homebuyers to purchase homes even if they don't have all the money to buy them upfront.
The time it takes for a mortgage to get approved and financed will vary from lender to lender. When shopping around for mortgages, it's essential to have an idea of the average how long a mortgage lender takes to get their loans closed. A top mortgage lender should be able to get a mortgage financed within 30-45 days from application.
Generally, most homeowners should aim for a mortgage payment at or below 30% of their gross household income. Use our mortgage calculator for an estimate of your total monthly payment. It'll include principal, interest, taxes, and insurance. Your monthly payment may also include Homeowners Association (HOA) fees. HOA fees vary from community to community.
Three main factors come into play when being approved for a mortgage:
These are the credit score ranges that may impact your terms and ability to get approved for a mortgage:
300 to 579 - You may not be eligible for any mortgage option
580 to 620 - This is generally the mortgage qualification starting point
720 to 850 - You may qualify for the best rates and terms.
Also known as discount points, mortgage points work as a one-time fee you can pay if you'd like a reduced interest rate.
One mortgage point is equal to one percent of your total loan amount and may drop your interest rate between one-eighth to one-quarter percent lower.
Lenders usually charge their fees, which can vary greatly. For example, one lender may waive a fee but add another. Another lender might quote an interest rate before adding or subtracting discount loan points that can alter the total cost of a mortgage.
It's generally a good time to refinance when mortgage rates are 2% lower than the present rate on your loan. It may be viable even if the interest rate variation is only 1% or less. A reduction can lower your monthly mortgage payments. Example: Your payment, excluding taxes and insurance, would be around $770 on a $100,000 loan at 8.5%; if the rate were reduced to 7.5%, your payment would then be $700, and now you're saving $70 per month. Of course, your savings depend on your income, budget, loan amount, and varying interest rates. Your trusted lender can help you calculate your options.
One mistake that home buyers commonly make is not getting pre-approval. Unfortunately, many home buyers believe that a pre-qualification is the same as a pre-approval. This is the furthest from the truth.
A mortgage pre-qualification can easily be defined as estimating how much a buyer can borrow. However, in many cases, a pre-qualification is only as good as the paper written on it. It's relatively common practice that a mortgage lender who pre-qualifies a buyer asks them for information such as income, debts, and other assets without verifying the data.
A mortgage pre-approval can be easily defined as a written commitment from a mortgage lender for a buyer. To obtain pre-approval, a buyer must provide the documents needed when formally applying for a mortgage, such as W-2s, pay stubs, and bank statements.
These are some common home loan programs that homebuyers can choose from. We offer all four of these, plus several more options. Let's take a quick look at what makes each unique.
Annual Percentage Rate (APR) is the cost of your total loan credit calculated into a yearly interest rate.
After applying for a home loan, you can expect a Loan Estimate (mentioned above) from your lender. If you used it for more than one type of loan, an LE would be broken down for each type. The APR for a loan will be listed in the comparison section on page 3 of the LE.
You'll usually immediately notice the dissimilarity between your APR and your loan interest rate. An APR is often higher than an interest rate because of added fees and is essentially a comparison tool. Interest rates, loan fees, and points may be all over the map. But, the APR can always be used to compare multiple loan products accurately. And in cases where an interest rate looks a little too attractive, the APR can tell you the real story.
Yes! Get in touch with your loan officer, and they can lock in the interest rate you were quoted.
You can use a handy app to get pre-qualified for a mortgage and get a rate quote based on your individual financing needs and specific loan needs. This interest rate quote is customized. So, it's customized for your profile and financial situation. The rates reported in the media are source material. Often, those rates may expire by the time you read about them.
Once you're pre-qualified and receive your rate quote, make sure you get a full, written term sheet that shows the interest rate, loan term, total monthly payment (including insurance and taxes), total cash-to-close, and line item list of closing costs before you lock your rate with a lender.
Closing costs may range from 2 to 5 percent of your purchase price. The buyer and the seller are both responsible for paying different expenses at the closing.